Which vaccinations must adults receive? Can the polio vaccine be taken at an older age? Negligence of not taking the right vaccination at the right age can cause any danger. Dr. Subhrojyoti Bhowmick, Clinical Director of Peerless Hospital, gave details about the vaccination of adults.
In many parts of the world, children routinely receive vaccinations as part of national immunization programs. However, when it comes to adults, the same level of emphasis on vaccinations is often lacking. Dr. Subhrajit Bhowmick has shed light on the importance of adult vaccinations and why they should not be overlooked.
In India, there exists a National Immunization Program for Children, ensuring that infants and young children receive regular injections and vaccinations from birth up to the age of 10. Research has shown that children under the age of 5 are particularly vulnerable to various infections like pneumonia, diphtheria, and hepatitis B. To address this, a system has been established, not only in government hospitals but also in private healthcare institutions, with regulations requiring vaccinations for school admission and international travel.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, the importance of vaccination became evident, as it helps prevent severe illness and saves lives. However, there are several other vaccines that adults should consider, such as pneumonia vaccines. Pneumonia can affect individuals of all ages. Pneumococcal vaccines are essential, especially for those with weakened immune systems, such as the elderly, individuals with diabetes, or those who smoke. Influenza Vaccines: Seasonal flu vaccines are recommended annually to protect against common flu symptoms like cough, fever, sore throat, and body aches. Hepatitis B Vaccine: This vaccine is essential for adults, particularly those at risk due to occupation or lifestyle choices. DT (Diphtheria-Tetanus) Vaccine: These booster shots are often recommended for adults to maintain immunity. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine: This vaccine is vital for women who can become pregnant, as it helps prevent cervical cancer. Typhoid Vaccine: It is essential for travelers visiting areas with a high risk of typhoid fever. The Hepatitis A vaccine is recommended for travelers and those at risk of exposure to contaminated food or water. Polio Vaccine: Although polio primarily affects children, adults should also consider vaccination, especially when traveling to areas with polio outbreaks.
Dr. Subhrojyoti Bhowmick emphasizes that adults should not underestimate the importance of these vaccines. Many adults assume that vaccines will cause severe side effects, but in reality, not getting vaccinated can be far riskier.
Awareness about adult vaccinations can be raised through various means, like several health programs that can educate the public about the importance of adult vaccinations. Secondly, healthcare workers can counsel immunocompromised individuals about the necessity of vaccinations, and lastly, the government should take responsibility for the initiatives promoting adult vaccination awareness.
In conclusion, adult vaccinations are crucial for maintaining individual and public health. It is essential to dispel misconceptions and encourage adults to take advantage of available vaccines to protect themselves and their communities. Taking responsibility for one's health through vaccination is a small but significant step in preventing the spread of preventable diseases.