Mumps Outbreak In Kerala Raises Concerns! What Are The symptoms Of This Disease?

The mumps outbreak in Kerala has prompted authorities to take swift action to contain the spread of the virus. Despite the availability of vaccines, government immunisation programmes do not include the mumps vaccine. However, private healthcare facilities offer vaccinations against mumps, measles, and rubella separately, ensuring accessibility for concerned parents.

An immunisation specialist emphasised that while the rubella and measles vaccines provided are effective, the mumps vaccine remains essential. He raised concerns about a lack of awareness and enthusiasm for vaccination programmes, particularly in Mallapuram, exacerbating the current crisis.


What are the symptoms of mumps disease?

Mumps is a viral infection transmitted through respiratory droplets, leading to symptoms such as fever, fatigue, and swollen glands. The virus typically incubates for 12 to 25 days before symptoms manifest. Initially, patients may experience headaches, fever, and fatigue, followed by swelling of the salivary glands, often accompanied by discomfort in the jaw area.

Children between the ages of 2 and 12 who have not been vaccinated against mumps are at higher risk of contracting the disease. However, adolescents and adults can also be affected if they have not received the vaccine. Complications from mumps are rare but can include inflammation of the brain and reproductive organs, highlighting the importance of vaccination.

What are the precautions and treatments that need to be taken?

There is no specific cure for mumps, and patients typically recover within two weeks with rest and supportive care. Medical professionals recommend over-the-counter pain relievers, plenty of fluids, and warm compresses to alleviate symptoms. Additionally, gargling with warm saltwater can provide relief for throat discomfort.

While mumps usually resolves without complications, individuals should remain vigilant, as severe cases can occur. Symptoms such as severe headaches, reduced hearing, and testicular pain should prompt immediate medical attention.

In conclusion, while the mumps outbreak in Kerala is cause for concern, proactive measures can help mitigate its impact. Vaccination remains the most effective method of prevention, and individuals should prioritise their health and that of their communities by seeking immunisation against mumps and other preventable diseases.

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